Alaska Village Electric Cooperative

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AVEC Facilities

Tununak

(too-NOO-nuck); var. Tananak

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Tununak is located in a small bay on the northeast coast of Nelson Island, 115 miles northwest of Bethel and 519 miles northwest of Anchorage. Nelson Island was named after Edward Nelson in 1878, a Smithsonian naturalist who noted 6 people, including 1 non-Native trader, living in Tununak. In 1889 the Jesuits opened a small chapel and school. The villagers were difficult to convert due to the migratory nature of the traditional culture, and because the shamans were still quite powerful. The mission closed in 1892. In 1925 a government school was built, and a Northern Commercial Co. store was opened in 1929. From 1934 to 1962, a missionary named Father Deshout lived on Nelson Island. His long-standing relationship and work with the people in the area had a great influence. The 1950s brought great changes to the Islanders lifestyle, through their involvement with the Territorial Guard, work in fish canneries, high schools, and health care treatment for tuberculosis. For many, this was their first exposure outside the community. By the 1970s, snowmobiles were replacing dog sled teams, and the last qasgiq (men's community houses) was abandoned. The City was incorporated in 1975, but it was dissolved on Feb. 28, 1997 in favor of traditional council governance.

 
New bulk fuel tank farm

Simon Billy, power plant operator at AVEC's old power plant,
which is now shut down.

View of the new tieline between Tununak and Toksook Bay

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Tununak Facts

Community Profile

Community Facilities

Economy

Employment is primarily with the school district, village corporation, stores and commercial fishing. Trapping and Native crafts also generate cash for many families, and subsistence activities are an important contributor to villagers' diets. Seal meat, seal oil and herring are the staples of the diet. Beluga whale and walrus are also hunted. Residents participate in a lottery to hunt musk-ox on Nelson or Nunivak Islands. 53 residents hold commercial fishing permits. Coastal Villages Seafood, Inc. processes halibut and salmon in Tununak. Tununak relies heavily on air transportation for passengers, mail and cargo service.

 

Culture and Activities

A federally-recognized tribe is located in the community -- the Native Village of Tununak; Tununak Traditional Council (not recognized). Tununak is a traditional Yup'ik Eskimo village, with an active fishing and subsistence lifestyle. The sale or importation of alcohol is banned in the village. Boats, snow machines and ATVs are used extensively for local travel.

Climate

Community Weather

broken clouds   Broken clouds, 23°F

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